Having a social security covered legal relationship is the main criteria in order for one to become eligible for social security covered health care service. In Hungary, the social security covered status is regulated by law.
To people with social security covered legal relationship, social security services apply automatically, and an additional, partial co-payment is also necessary for these services.
The social security covered legal relationship is usually established by employment or working status.
Eligibility for health care services can be established by the following ways:
- social security covered person:employed worker, member at a cooperative society, people with job search allowance, personal or joint entrepreneurs, a person with employment status, church employees, farmers, full-time “small tax payers” (KATA), state project committee members, spouse of the President of the Republic, elected officers and those people who count social security covered by the social security laws of the European community.
- eligible person:people with student statuses, pensioners or people in need.
- an individual who is obliged to pay an individual health care service contribution fee: those citizens who do not have social security covered legal relationship or eligibility status otherwise.
- An individual who is eligible for medical services based on special agreements.
For employees, the social security coverage is ensured upon the employment status, therefore it does not depend on whether the employment status covers a full- or a part-time job.
Social security covered individuals receive eligibility for all the services covered by social security, and they are eligible for both medical and financial services. These measures help them alleviate the burden of income-loss in case of a disease or motherhood. Social security coverage is valid from the start date of the legal relationship that forms its base until the end date (e.g. during an employment status). In certain cases, aside from the employment status (e.g. being a member at a cooperation, or a farmer), one has to comply with further criteria in order to become eligible for the services covered by social security.
For further information on social security coverage, visit the website of the National Health Insurance Fund of Hungary (Nemzeti Egészségbiztosítási Alapkezelő, NEAK).
Social Security Code (TAJ-szám)
The Social Security Code (Társadalombiztosítási Azonosító Jel, TAJ) is a code used for personal identification in the administrative processes related to healthcare, social administration, health and pension insurance. The TAJ card is an official identification card.
For further information on the validity and TAJ card management, visit the website of the National Health Insurance Fund of Hungary (Nemzeti Egészségbiztosítási Alapkezelő, NEAK).